Emerging Public Health Challenges

Public health intervention relies on a science-based evidence or prior vetted knowledge for preventative or control measures for existing or emerging public health challenges. Unfortunately, establishing a conclusive epidemiological evidence for a disease or health event especially chronic conditions may take many years or even decades to achieve convincing dataset. The looming global risk factors to chronic conditions and infectious diseases are consequences of human activities. For instance, air pollution and a variety of genetically modified organism (GMO) crops have been linked to chronic diseases. In part, the increase in air pollution results from increased use of fossil fuel and the outsourcing/globalization of productions or human activities to regions with unregulated or sub-standard public health regulatory infrastructures or info-structures (Dong, et al., 2012). Some of the outsourced regions especially developing countries do not have adequate, or sufficient infrastructures to regulate and control toxic chemicals or particles. In addition, urbanization and

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