Exposing the Gaps—The Key Determinants of Health

 Abstract Health indicators are important factors necessary for improving individuals, communities and nations’ health. The association between determinants of health are inextricably linked to health outcomes. Determinants of health are intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with health outcomes (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012). The intrinsic factors of determinants of health includes the biological and genetic characteristic profiles, lifestyle, culture, ethnicity, etc. The extrinsic factors involve socio-economic status, physical environment, access to health care services, and other external factors (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012; Herbes-Sommers, & Smith, 2008; Laureate Education, 2011; The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2010; Wilkinson, & Pickett, 2010; World Health Organization (WHO), 2008). Both the internal and external health determinants that promotes health inequalities and inequities are partly the underlying primary precursors of health disparity associated with poor health outcomes within a community (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012; Herbes-Sommers, & Smith, 2008; Laureate Education, 2011;

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