Evidence Based Decision Making

Evidence-based approach in public health practices is the best alternative and effective measure in advancing public health policy. Evidence-based measure is simply supporting or refuting a claim with scientific data that indicate the claim’s statistical and/or clinical significance or lack thereof. According to Fielding and Briss (2006), evidence-based public health policy is the process of integrating scientific-based interventions with community preferences to improve the quality of life within the population. Based on this approach, they suggested several tools that must be available to reach a better integration outcome, a Type1 through Type3 evidence-based strategies were recommended. The Type1 must include the scientific evidence for the presence of a disease, disease magnitude, severity and preventability. The type 2 includes evidence-based assessment involving specific or current intervention availability, effectiveness or lack thereof. While the type 3 stage is an evidence-based assessment for the feasibility of implementation of an alternative approach (Fielding, &

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